Posted on Leave a comment

Drug resistance deadlier than cancer by 2050: Study

drug-resistant

Infections resistant to medicines will kill more people per year than cancer by 2050, and cost the world $100 trillion annually, according to a U.K. government-backed report led by Jim O’Neill, the well-known former Goldman Sachs economist.

The wide-ranging study, called the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance, was commissioned by the U.K. government earlier this year amid growing concerns about drug-resistant “superbugs”, including new strains of E. coli, malaria and tuberculosis.

Its forecasts, based on research by RAND Europe and KPMG, suggest that drug resistance, which is estimated to have caused around 700,000 deaths globally this year, will cause 10 million by 2050 if further action is not taken.

Antibiotic use is rising around the world, while at the same time the number of new antibiotics is falling. If these medicines become ineffectual, there could be a huge economic ramifications, as people of working age are affected, and once treatable diseases become incurable again.

Read MoreWhite House escalates fight against antibiotic resistance

New antibiotics take time and money to develop, and by their nature are less effective the more they are used. As such, many pharmaceutical companies have slowed development of these kinds of drugs.

“There can be no doubt now that antimicrobial resistance is one of the biggest (risks) that we, all of us, face,” Nick Stern, president of the British Academy, professor of economics and government at the London School of Economics, and former chief economist of the World Bank, said in a statement.

“The work of the group led by Jim O’Neill is of profound importance and this paper shows very convincingly the great scale of the risks, in terms of human lives and the economy, that are posed by this deeply worrying phenomenon.”

Antibiotics are routinely used as part of many medical treatments, like hip replacements, Caesarean sections and chemotherapy – and these could become more dangerous if antibiotics lose their effectiveness.

O’Neill, who is best known for coming up with the acronym BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) to describe the rapidly emerging economies, warned that the developing world would be hardest hit by growth in drug resistance. Countries in particular danger are likely to include India, Nigeria and Indonesia (from malaria), and Russia (from tuberculosis).

David Cameron, the U.K.’s Prime Minister, has warned of a new “dark ages of medicine” if the problem is not tackled.

Posted on Leave a comment

When Bugging Out is NOT an Option: Strengthening Security to Shelter in Place

You have Questions, we try to answer. The following series of upcoming Tuesday Prepping posts are in response to Reader Questions about what basic steps should anyone new to prepping or becoming aware of their own home’s vulnerability should take to prepare and secure themselves should the security situation in the USA begin to decline more precipitously than it is now.

There are a lot of posts about how to prep for a SHTF/TEOTWAWKI scenario and “bugging out” when that happens.

It’s just not practical – for a variety of reasons. Most people who subscribe to this romantic notion of packing it all up and fleeing to safety in the hinterlands are living in a world not grounded in reality. Generally, they’re people who have never lived off the grid or without modern amenities for any extended period of time.

when-bugging-out

Here at the StopShouting Casa, we have lots of experience living in less than optimal circumstances, so we know a little of which we speak. For 4 months a year for the first 17 years of my life, I lived in a small, hand-hewn hideaway in the remote bush, with no electricity, no indoor plumbing, and “running water” consisted of hand carried buckets from the lake to the wood stove, where the water would be boiled to make it potable. We didn’t call it “off the grid” back then, we called it “summers at the cottage”. Later, I worked in some of the continent’s most remote areas, where our team was dropped in-country with our supplies by float taxi (airplane), only to be picked up in extreme emergencies.

Much later, married with young children, we relocated to a small rural community, where the phone was a party line, there was no cable or internet, and the principle source of heat was a wood stove backed up by propane emergency heat. It was taken for granted that homeschooling in most of the winter months was a necessity as it was physically impossible to get to “school”. We call these years the “Upscale Amish” period. My DH, in his military life, has experienced “off grid” living in a variety of harsh climates from the jungles of Central America to the deserts of the Mideast and has seen what happens up close and personal when a country implodes, either politically or economically. Our boys grew up sleeping under the stars and eating MRE’s by choice to emulate their own personal hero (Dad) with visions of Swiss Family Robinson in their heads.

when-bugging-out2

Been there, done that. Let me tell you: I like hot water on demand, refrigeration and clean 800 thread sheets. No one should be wishing for a societal collapse to usher in a new political paradigm. No one.

I’ll be writing a series of posts on Prepping, what is practical and what is not from my personal POV.

To start off our Tuesday series, I’m going to write about a real scenario that many people find themselves faced with: what if “Bugging Out” is not an option except for the absolute, worst case, immediately life-threatening situation?

While most people are drawing up lists for pantries, esoteric hand tools and mini surgical suites, the first focus should be plusing-up the basic physical security of whereever you are currently living.

We’ve been faced with this exact scenario recently. A condo townhouse purchased by an elderly relative which can not be sold (for reasons too complicated to explain in a post) is in an area which is undergoing a RAPID deterioration in both physical security and personal safety. Demographics are changing, and with that deliberately manufactured demographic shift a concomitant rise in crime such as breakins, thefts, carjackings and assaults is being felt.

The condo townhome board, “behind the times” as it were, still insists on denying property owners the right to install metal security gates or hurricane shutters, citing “visual blight”. What once were selling features – large picture windows, expansive patio doors and soaring screened in porches – are now viewed through a different lens.

I will discuss today three simple and unobtrusive ways a property owner in this situation can “plus-up” the physical security of their dwelling without the enhancements being obvious to the casual observer.

First – Garage Doors. Save for the industrial type doors for commercial applications, there is no residential grade garage door in the world that will completely survive the onslaught of a mob dedicated to breaching your perimeter. However, some simple fixes can make your home difficult to enter and should buy you enough time to adjust your security posture and take appropriate actions.

when-bugging-out3

The most obvious one would be to replace glassed sections of doors with sufficiently thick shatter proof acrylic sheeting like Lexan securely mounted into the frames (more than just pinned in place with screws or brad nails). These types of products can be found in any hardware store, and can often be cut to custom size on site. The same goes for any sidelights around doors or ground floor windows. Even if you can only budget for one window per paycheck, starting with basic security upgrades will pay greater dividends in the long run than buying expensive water treatment systems or night vision gear. If you’re not the handy type, this is the type of retrofit than any local glass or mirror supplier/contractor can do. Call around for prices, there can be wide variation in quotes.
This is the type of replacement product I am talking about

The second simple low cost thing a homeowner can do is to take steps to secure the garage door so that it can not be forced up on the roller track. Solving this problem can be achieved as easily as placing a metal C-clamp completely through the track above the rollers. In our home, we use two high quality bicycle locks on either side, and it is part of the standard security perimeter checks family members do to ensure our home is secure for the night.

Second – the Front Door and other Main Entry Points: How do you secure front doors retroactively?

Exterior doors are a main point of entry for criminals during robberies and home invasions. This security graphic from 2010, though slightly dated, provides a close approximation of what the entry points and targets are for burglars

when-bugging-out4

Home Invasion/Security graphic courtesy of asecurelife.com

The most stunning item on this graphic is that fully 1/3 of burglaries come through the front door. Think about that for a moment. Your front door is the most likely place they come in through. This may be for a few reasons. Consider that you may be watched, they know if you lock that door or not. If they are watching you, they will know if you use your deadbolt (if you have one).

Although this may be a bit of a wake-up call to suburbanites, not all your neighbors are like you. They may have a “cousin” staying over because they were getting into trouble elsewhere, they may have friends over… you just do not know unless you are paying attention to your environment. Things like extra cars appearing (sometimes with out of state plates) and staying, a change in patterns of parties given, different children at bus stops as you commute out to work in the morning. These non-typical suburban implants behave differently. They often are truant, so during the day they may be seen wandering through yards and jiggling door handles to see what is left unlocked by careless suburbanites. They are nothing if not opportunistic. They will check front doors by canvassing for “support the school team” candy sales and similar ploys. Next time you see this coming down the block, wait and see how long and how persistent they are at your door. I have even seen them try to peer in through windows while playing this scam. This is no joke, these junior recon team members do this in “nice” suburbs because as John Dillinger stated, “because that is where the money is”.

So, to recap so far, you are probably being watched. In your own neighborhood. By opportunistic scouts on foot, perhaps by truants looking to move up in their gang watching you from the recesses of a nearby house (binoculars, through blinds or lace curtains, dark room… very hard to detect).

Your front door (any entry door, really) is actually very easy to reinforce. This is important as it provides you a physical barrier to violence and criminality and allows you to sleep better at night. You can replace the entire door with a commercial security door with multiple latch points in the frame (go to a Big Box Home Improvement store, take a look at the cost … and then come back here).

There are several points of improvement on a door that can easily be made by homeowners. You do not need to even be “handy”. The tools you need are basic, they can probably be borrowed from within your family or bought at a pawn shop/Habitat for Humanity if you are really pinched for cash (and who isn’t, these days?) Consider a cordless drill to be key, as doing all the screws by hand will wear you out and take quite some time. Have on hand assorted drill bits (for pilot holes), perhaps a wood chisel for countersinking and adjusting clearances.

The first item that should be improved upon for any standard suburban tract home exterior door is the door jamb. The door jamb is what breaks under forced entry, not so much failure of hinges and locks. The very frame splinters when subject to force. The screws pull out, latches fail. The key is to spread out the force so that no single point fails. This reinforcing product is effective, inexpensive and easy to install.

Self-explanatory video on how these door jamb reinforcement products work”

Third – Windows, Patio Doors, French Doors Etc. Windows and doors that are principally glass suspended in a door frame present a huge risk in a rapidly declining security situation. The most cost-effective solution is to measure, cut and prepare plywood sheathing to install over the windows or doors if the security situation reaches an apex. These must be prepared and test-installed well in advance of when they are needed, and stored in an easy to access location. This solution has the down side of taking time and usually more than one person to safely and properly install.

Home Invasions leading to death or critical injury of the occupants are on the rise

Another solution is often seen in third world areas or American urban cores of cities – metal door screening or shutters. Our apartment in Manhattan had folding accordian style metal window grates similar tothese on all windows next to the fire escape which were locked in place at night or whenever we left the apartment, but these also pose a safety risk if they can not be easily unlocked by children or elderly residents of the dwelling.

However, for every day living, that’s not practical or desirable. Plus, if you are in a HOA or Condo association like this relative, it will also be forbidden.

A recent entry to the home security market are products that mimic the look and appearance of “normal” screens, but are in fact shatter proof steel mesh that resists cutting and blunt force trauma. These types of security upgrades usually are acceptable to most condo or HOA boards, or, in the most dire circumstances, could be stealthily installed without them being the wiser. For homeowners who are looking at the big picture and realize that “sheltering in place” is the most likely scenario they will find themselves in, one has to balance the not insignificant cost of such this type of physical plant upgrade with the price to be paid if you and your loved ones are the victims of mob violence and/or a home invasion.

https://vimeo.com/63649068

Over the next few weeks, we’ll be continuing with our series on Prepping, starting with a review of basic security measures. Our focus will be on beginning our review on the outside of your residence, including the perimeter and then moving our way indoors, looking at the “big picture” problems and practical solutions.

As always, we appreciate your feedback, questions and concerns. You can follow us on Twitter at @stopshoutblog or email us. If you’ve found what we share here useful, hitting the Tip Jar allows us to focus more on providing practical content that you can use.

Posted on Leave a comment

Prepping for Terrorism!

Prepping for Terrorism!

prepping-for-terroism

Terrorism has come to the U.S. and as Preppers, I am sure you are aware of it. As Preppers, we have seen this coming for a while now and it is not unexpected. The question now is what do we do, as Preppers, to prepare to protect ourselves and our families from it? This is the subject of today’s post so sit back and have a cup of coffee with me as we discuss it.

With the attack in San Bernardino, California being the deadliest Terror attack on U.S. soil since the 9-11 attack in New York, It has to be apparent to everyone that this is just the beginning and that our Government will use it as justification to try to take away our guns. This cannot be allowed to happen, if we want to keep our freedom and preserve our way of life here in the U.S. I can’t say that I didn’t see it coming, but that doesn’t make it any easier to swallow. So as Preppers, what can we do? Well. first off we need to purchase as many guns and as much ammo as we possibly can. It is only a matter of time before Obama uses an executive order to block the sales of guns and ammo to the public. When this happens, I think the 2nd Civil War will break out here in the U.S. and everyone will be forced to choose a side. Unfortunately, just like in the first Civil war, many families will be divided by their decision on which side to take. Many of the younger people in the U.S. today don’t hunt and do not value their freedom enough to truly understand what the stakes are. Our Government will try to use this against them and convince them that getting rid of guns will make things better for everyone. While we all know that it is not true, the uninformed will flock to the idea by the millions. They are happy getting free food and money without having to work for it and are so complacent that they will not bother to educate themselves. It is a very sad situation that we find ourselves in and the Government will do anything they can to keep the uninformed from seeing the truth.

So how do we fight this evil without taking up arms? I’m not sure we can, but the only thing that I can see short of shooting them when they come for our guns, is to stand on every street corner and try to remind everyone that the problem is not guns, but a corrupt society that has allowed evil to fester and grow. They will not want to hear this, as they are completely happy with their make-believe world and will not want to admit that something has gone terribly wrong. I am afraid it would be an exercise in futility. We must oppose our own Government as they have clearly lost their way and are allowing corrupt and evil men and women to run our country. Now is the time to put your preparing into high gear and to stop making excuses for not doing all you can to prepare. The darkness is coming and we must be ready for it when it does.

So how do we protect ourselves from being victims of terrorist attacks? There are actually several things we can do now to protect ourselves. Start with situational awareness and constantly be aware of everything that is going on around you at all times. This includes even when you are home and are just going outside to get some fresh air. What are the neighbors doing? Are there any new neighbors in your neighborhood? If so, are they middle eastern or are they acting suspicious? The days of going about our lives unconcerned with the world around us are over. We are no longer safe to go to the corner drug store without watching everything around us and that feeling of being safe in our own neighborhoods is no more. We need to be constantly watching for terror and do everything we can to avoid it. I would also suggest that you always carry a concealed or open carry gun. Carry a knife with you that are hidden in case you are ever taken hostage. I avoid places where there are large gatherings of people, like theaters and sporting events. As the attack in Paris demonstrated, sports events and music concerts are another place, where you could be targeted by terror as well. The President of the United States has openly invited terrorist into our country and in many cases is forcing States to take them in and provide for them at the cost of hard-working Americans. He has become a Traitor to our country and is being helped by the uninformed to destroy it. I have said it before and I will say it again, I believe he is looking for a way to create so much civil unrest that he can declare Martial Law then try to take our guns and suspend the constitution and remain in power. Notice that he is not out doing a lot of campaigning for his political party like most Presidents do in their final year? He isn’t worried about it because never intends to leave office. All he has to do is declare Martial Law and even the House and Congress will be helpless to stop him. Civil war is coming and we must be ready when it does. As Preppers, now is the time to make sure that our house in order and be ready because it could come at any time. Be prepared and aware of your surroundings at all times and warn your extended family and friends to do the same.

Well, I guess that is it for today and I hope I have helped you be more prepared in some small way, so until next time, stay safe, stay strong and stay prepared!

Posted on Leave a comment

Surviving winter if you are stranded in you car

Surviving winter if you are stranded in you car

 

What would you do if you found yourself stranded?

Being stranded in your car in nice weather is bad enough, but getting stranded in ice and snow and surviving winter weather is something you must be prepared for.

As preppers we all prepare for natural disasters of one sort or the other.

The UK Winter is something that we also need to prepare for as well.

The basic risks still exist – and during the winter months the added risk of Hypothermia is higher than at any other time.

In order to survive the winter weather, it is essential to be fully prepared and have the correct equipment with you, if you were to get yourself stranded in your car.

Breaking down in the snow and ice or just sliding off the road and getting stuck can be quite dangerous at the least and potentially fatal in the worse scenario.

Being fully prepared with the correct winter survival kit
is essential to keep yourself alive until help arrives.

The 5 basic rules to surviving, still apply to surviving winter in your car.

But remember, always adapt the amount of survival preparation to suit your own families needs and consider a worse case scenario of a car full of adults.

You must have enough survival equipment and supplies for this.

SHELTER:

 

This is your No:1 concern and most important survival decision.

  • Your car will provide all the shelter you need and protect you from the elements, so DO NOT leave your vehicle.
  • The only real time you would consider leaving is when you are fully equipped to do so, your life was in danger, or you knew exactly where you were heading for.
  • Tip: write “HELP & SOS” on the outside of the windscreen and back window

WARMTH:

being able to keep warm and offset hypothermia is essential to survival

  • Your car will provide all the shelter you need and protect you from the elements, so DO NOT leave your vehicle.
  • The only real time you would consider leaving is when you are fully equipped to do so, your life was in danger, or you knew exactly where you were heading for.
  • Tip: run your car engine for short periods of time [10-15mins] to stop any freezing, and run the heater [set on feet only], as any heat will rise and add to the warmth inside.
    Ensure that nothing is blocking that will allow fumes into the cabin area. [e.g. the exhaust system] and keep all windows and doors closed to prevent any fumes entering.

You will need a to ensure you have a supply of water for at least 48 hours. As well as an energy drink to keep you alert.
Do not eat the snow or ice around you, no matter how fresh it is.
Snow will cool your body temperature down too much and the last thing you want is for your core temperature to drop.
Snow and ice can also contain dirt, bacteria and other unsavoury things.!

Posted on Leave a comment

Top 5 Best Egg Laying Chickens

egg-laying-chickens

One of the great things about having your own flock of backyard chickens is fresh eggs. When it comes to egg laying not all chickens were made equal. In fact some breeds have been selectively bred for decades to be the egg laying Olympians of the chicken world.

For beginner backyard chicken keepers you need to balance the egg laying ability of the chicken breed with ease of raising the breed.

If you have decided that your main purpose for keeping backyard chickens is for eggs there are a number of great breeds suitable for beginners that we would recommend based on the advice of some of the leading experts (now not all of these chicken breeds are necessarily the most prolific layers but for beginners it is a balance between egg laying and ease of care).

The Backyard Chicken Zone top 5 egg laying chicken breed recommendations for beginners:

1. Rhode Island Red

egg-laying-chickens1

Coming in at number 1 on our top 5 egg laying chickens is the Rhode Island Red. This is our favourite layer with an above average laying rate of medium size Brown eggs. They are a versatile backyard chicken suitable for most climates and very easy to care for. They can be a little temperamental and aggressive to other breeds so be careful what other breeds to put with them. The Rhode Island Red is a good all rounder that is also suitable for meat production so if you are not sure what breed will be best for you the Rhode Island red is a good starter.

2. Leghorn

egg-laying-chickens2

Coming in a close second is the Leghorn. These chickens are egg laying machines, producing over 300 large white eggs a year. They can be a little flighty which makes them a little more difficult to manage but if it is eggs you are after this breed will certainly deliver. They are also a useful dual purpose chicken (although a little on the scrawny side) and can be used for organic meat once their egg production declines.

3. Buff Orpington

egg-laying-chickens3

This breed is one our favourite beginner chickens with an above average production of large brown eggs. Orpingtons are good brooders so an excellent choice if you plan to raise chicks. They are also an excellent choice for a pet chicken due to their docile nature and ease of care. If you live in a cooler climate the Orpington is a must have for your backyard chicken flock.

4. Black Star

egg-laying-chickens4

Coming in at number four in our top 5 egg laying chickens is the Black Star. Black stars are a hybrid breed (cross between Barred Rock hens and Rhode Island Red roosters) and lay an above average amount of large brown eggs. They are very easy to raise and also very hardy making them an excellent beginner breed. They have a calm nature also making them suitable for families and as a pet chicken.

5. Ameraucana

egg-laying-chickens5

Rounding out our top 5 egg laying chickens is the Ameraucana. This breed is known as the “Easter Eggers” because they produce eggs in a variety of colours including blue, blue-green, green, and cream (our kids love collecting the colourful eggs). They lay medium sized eggs with an above average laying rate. They have a calm temperament and make a excellent family or pet chicken.

For a family of four, a flock of three or four hens will usually produce sufficient eggs so try a few different breeds when you start out and work out which breeds work best for you.

Whilst our top 5 egg laying breeds will produce regular eggs for you, remember that the quality and nutritional value of those eggs will be controlled by the chickens diet including the health benefits, richness and colour of the yoke, as well as the chickens overall health. What you put in is what you get out so check out our tips on what to feed chickens to ensure a happy, healthy flock, and the most deliciousness and nutritious organic eggs for your family.

If you are looking for some more ideas check out our guide to selecting the best backyard chicken breed.

sale

H20 CT 4.0 Gallon Counter Top Water Purifier Filter with Fluoride Removal

59.9574.99
Quantity:

Add To Cart

 

Posted on Leave a comment

How To Build a Smokehouse

smokehouse

Preserving food these days seems like a hard job, unless you want to do it in a natural way. The perfect medium for this is a smoke house. This awesome piece of garden facility will make you ready for all the products and dishes specific to the fall season. Making such a structure in your backyard isn’t a simple task, but one which will give you some fruitful rewards over the next few months. You have the full set of instructions at the next website. If you follow the steps from photos, your cedar wood smoke house will be ready in no time. As for tools, you only need a trowel, electric drill, handsaw, power drill and level. The list of supplies is quite long, so be sure to read it thoroughly. Good luck on raising this DIY building and feel free to share some photos with the finished product. And the food you eventually yield from such a wonderful piece, we won’t mind.

Materials:

  • 2 x 4 Cedar Wood
  • Black Stove Pipe
  • Stove Door
  • Concrete Blocks
  • Clay Bricks
  • Fire Bricks
  • Fire Clay
  • Mortar
  • Bolts
  • Door
  • Hinges
  • Door Knob
  • Bolt Lock
  • 2-1/2 inch Deck Screws
  • Wood Screws
  • 3 pieces 16 Gauge Steal Plates
Posted on Leave a comment

Hunter Gatherer Skills That Every Survivalist Should Have

As a survivalist, you will be hunting and maybe raising your own food. With that comes the responsibility of knowing how to do these things and how to store them effectively. You will need to know how to hunt, raise, preserve, and how to prepare it.

Hunting

Being able to hunt on your homestead or other grounds can provide you a variety of foods. From fishing to deer, you will be able to have several different meat sources. Be sure you understand your local regulations because every state is different. Check with your local game warden if you aren’t sure about the specific laws.

  1. Bow hunting – Bow and crossbow hunting can be used for a broad variety of game, including deer. Wild turkey and wild hog are also popular choices when it comes to bow hunting. Be sure to practice your bow hunting skills to ensure success while hunting.
  2. Shotgun – Okay, you may not find a hunter-gatherer using firearms for hunting, but our frontiersman-forefathers did. You can hunt small game, like rabbits, squirrels, and a variety of birds with a shotgun. Not many people hunt deer with a shotgun yet it can be done if you know what you are getting into. The range will be much less than a rifle.
  3. Rifle Hunting – Rifles cover a broad range of calibers and that means that you can hunt a variety of different animals. The big advantage over shotguns is the high degree of accuracy at a distance that you get with a rifle. You can hunt small game like squirrels or opossums to much larger game like deer, elk, moose, and even bear.
  4. Snares – Trapping with snares is popular for many different kinds of small game. Animals like groundhogs, wild rabbit and even possums can be caught by this method.

Raising Livestock

Raising your own livestock is a great way to know where your food is coming from. You get to determine how your food is raised and you control what they eat and what kind of supplements, if any are given to them. There are many different animals that you can raise on your homestead or compound depending on the space you have.

  1. Small herd animals – Goats and sheep can also provide food by meat and milk. They are generally easy keepers and are versatile around the homestead.
  2. Fowl – Chickens are a favorite among survivalists, homesteaders, and preppers. (It turns out survivalists, homesteaders, and preppers have a lot in common.) They are easy to raise and provide two different sources of food with their meat and their eggs. They are relatively low cost to feed and easy to breed. And then there are turkeys have the same needs and environment as chickens, and they get along pretty well. Turkeys can provide a good bit of meat to store, and they can easily be raised.
  3. Rabbits are a great source of meat and most people think they taste like chicken, perhaps a little more gamey. The rumors are true about rabbits –they easily reproduce, creating a self sustaining meat source. Rabbits are also popular for their fur as well.

 

Cooking Off Grid

Once you have the meat (or other food) you have to do something with it — cook it! When you are cooking off grid, unless you have a solar panel, most of your cooking will either be done outdoors or on top of a wood heater. Knowing how to properly cook your food items is imperative. These skills take practice, but with time you will have no trouble cooking off grid.

  1. Smoking – Smoking is a great way to prepare your food and every week or so you may find me smoking a pork butt or some brisket. A smoker or even a smoke house can be created on your homestead with a minimal amount of effort. This method will give you great tasting food and even help you to preserve your food items.
  2. Campfire cooking – A broad variety of foods can be cooked over a campfire. From stews to meats, campfire cooking is highly popular. You will need to make sure that you have the proper items like wood (dense hardwood if you have it) and a large cast iron dutch oven.
  3. Underground Oven – Cooking underground will allow you to cook anything that you would like and can help to cook things like bread and even biscuits. Vegetables and meats can also be prepared by cooking underground.

Making The Food Last – Preservation Techniques

Preserving your food is a good skill. Whether you hunt or grow your own, you will often have an abundance of food leftover. You will need food for long term storage so it is imperative to know how to preserve your food.

  1. Canning – There are many foods that can be canned including meats and vegetables. Canning your food allows it to stay good for a year or more. Canning can be done on top of a wood stove with ease. Make sure you do your research and learn how to properly can your food without any risk of bacterial contaminants.
  2. Dehydrating – Just by using the sun, you can dehydrate your foods. The great thing is that you can dehydrate almost anything: fruits, vegetables, and even meats. This is a good way to store a broad variety of foods for future storage. After dehydration, you will want to make sure that you a proper way to store the food.

Conclusion

Raising your own animals, hunting, and preserving are all must-have skills of a survivalist or prepper. There will have to be a trial and error process but with practice and research, you will have no trouble finding or raising, and preparing your own food.

Posted on Leave a comment

Salt. I never really knew you.

salt

Beside making food delicious, it’s believed there are more than 14,000 uses for salt, and our grandmothers were probably familiar with most of them. A number of these uses were for simple things around the home before the advent of modern chemicals and cleaners. Many of these salt uses are still valid today and can be much cheaper and more environmentally-friendly than more sophisticated products. We make no guarantee about the results if you try any of these uses and tips, but there must be something to them since they have been handed down over the years in many households. Most of these salt uses have stood the test of time.

The most familiar use of salt undoubtedly is in the kitchen and on the dining table. Salt accents the flavor of meat, brings out the individuality of vegetables, puts “oomph” into bland starches, deepens the flavor of delicate desserts, and develops the flavor of melons and certain other fruits. No other seasoning has yet been found that can satisfactorily take the place of salt.

But, there are many other uses for salt around the home, as well. Salt is an excellent cleaning agent, either on its own or in combination with other substances. A solution of salt and turpentine restores the whiteness to yellowed enamel bathtubs and lavatories. A paste of salt and vinegar cleans tarnished brass or copper. A strong brine poured down the kitchen sink prevents grease from collecting and eliminates odors.

Salt helps destroy moths and drives away ants. A dash of salt in laundry starch keeps the iron from sticking and gives linen and fine cottons a glossy, like-new finish. A thin paste of salt and salad oil removes white marks caused by hot dishes or water from wooden tables.

A box of salt is also an important item in many bathrooms. In mild solutions, it makes an excellent mouthwash, throat gargle or eye-wash; it is an effective dentifrice; it is an effective antiseptic; and it can be extremely helpful as a massage element to improve skin complexion.

Salt Uses & Tips: In the Kitchen

(Click to view our Gourmet Sea Salts available for cooking and kitchen use)

Boiling Water – Salt added to water makes the water boil at a higher temperature, thus reducing cooking time (it does not make the water boil faster).

Peeling eggs – Eggs boiled in salted water peel more easily.

Poaching eggs – Poaching eggs over salted water helps set the egg whites.

Testing egg freshness – Place the egg in a cup of water to which two teaspoonfuls of salt has been added. A fresh egg sinks; a doubter will float.

Preventing browning – Apples, pears and potatoes dropped in cold, lightly salted water as they are peeled will retain their color.

Shelling pecans – Soaking pecans in salt water for several hours before shelling will make nut meats easier to remove.

Washing spinach – If spinach is washed in salted water, repeated cleanings will not be necessary.

Preventing sugaring – A little salt added to cake icings prevents them from sugaring.

Crisping salads – Salting salads immediately before serving will keep them crisp.

Improving boiled potatoes – Boiled potatoes will be given a fine, mealy texture by sprinkling with salt after draining, then returning them to the pan and shaking them back and forth quickly to get rid of the excess moisture.

Cleaning greasy pans – The greasiest iron pan will wash easily if you use a little salt in it and wipe with paper.

Cleaning stained cups – Rubbing with salt will remove stubborn tea or coffee stains from cups.

Cleaning ovens – Salt and cinnamon take the “burned food” odor away from ovens and stove burners. Sprinkle spills while oven and burners are still hot; when dry, remove the salted spots with a stiff brush or cloth.

Cleaning refrigerators – Use salt and soda water to clean and sweeten the inside of your refrigerator. It won’t scratch enamel either.

Extinguishing grease fires – Salt tossed on a grease fire on the stove or in the oven will smother flames. Never use water; it will only spatter the burning grease.

Improving coffee – A pinch of salt in coffee will enhance the flavor and remove the bitterness of over-cooked coffee.

Improving poultry – To improve the flavor of poultry, rub the fowl inside and out with salt before roasting.

Removing pinfeathers – To remove pinfeathers easily from a chicken, rub the chicken skin with salt first.

Cleaning tarnished silverware – Rub tarnish with salt before washing.

Cleaning copper pans – Remove stains on copper pans by salting area and scouring with a cloth soaked in vinegar.

Cleaning coffee pots – Remove bitterness from percolators and other coffee pots by filling with water, adding four tablespoons of salt and percolating or boiling as usual.

Removing onion odors from hands – Rub fingers with salt moistened with vinegar.

“Sweetening” containers – Salt can “sweeten” and deodorize thermos bottles and jugs, decanters and other closed containers.

Cleaning sink drains – Pour a strong salt brine down the kitchen sink drain regularly to eliminate odors and keep grease from building up.

Brightening cutting boards – After washing them with soap and water, rub cutting boards with a damp cloth dipped in salt; the boards will be lighter and brighter.

Fixing oversalted soups – If soup has been oversalted, cut up a raw potato or two and drop into the soup. The potato will absorb the salt.

Cleaning dried-on egg – Salt not only makes eggs taste better, but it makes “eggy” dishes clean easier. Sprinkle salt on dishes right after breakfast; it makes them a whiz to clean when you have time.

Preventing food from sticking – Rub a pancake griddle with a small bag of salt to prevent sticking and smoking. Sprinkle a little salt in the skillet before frying fish to prevent the fish from sticking. Sprinkle salt on washed skillets, waffle iron plates or griddles, heat in a warm oven, dust off salt; when they are next used, foods will not stick.

Preventing mold – To prevent mold on cheese, wrap it in a cloth dampened with saltwater before refrigerating.

Whipping cream and beating egg whites – By adding a pinch of salt, cream will whip better and egg whites will beat faster and higher.

Keeping milk fresh – Adding a pinch of salt to milk will keep it fresh longer.

Setting gelatin – To set gelatin salads and desserts quickly, place over ice that has been sprinkled with salt.

Salt Uses & Tips: Cleaning

Cleaning brass – Mix equal parts of salt, flour and vinegar to make a paste, rub the paste on the brass item, leave on for an hour or so, then clean with a soft cloth or brush and buff with a dry cloth.

Cleaning wicker – To prevent yellowing, scrub wicker furniture with a stiff brush moistened with warm saltwater and allow to dry in the sun.

Cleaning grease spots on rugs – Some grease spots can be removed with a solution of one part salt and four parts alcohol and rubbing hard but carefully to avoid damage to the nap.

Extending broom life – New brooms will wear longer if soaked in hot saltwater before they are first used.

Removing wine stains – If wine is spilled on a tablecloth or rug, blot up as much as possible and immediately cover the wine with salt, which will absorb the remaining wine. Later rinse the tablecloth with cold water; scrape up the salt from the rug and then vacuum the spot.

Removing rings from tables – White rings left on tables from wet or hot dishes or glasses can be removed by rubbing a thin paste of salad oil and salt on the spot with your fingers, letting it stand an hour or two, then wiping it off.

Restoring sponges – Give sponges new life by soaking them in cold saltwater after they are washed.

Settling suds – If a washing machine bubbles over from too many suds, sprinkle salt on the suds to reduce them.

Brightening colors – Wash colored curtains or washable fiber rugs in a saltwater solution to brighten the colors. Brighten faded rugs and carpets by rubbing them briskly with a cloth that has been dipped in a strong saltwater solution and wrung out.

Removing perspiration stains – Add four tablespoons of salt to one quart of hot water and sponge the fabric with the solution until stains disappear.

Brightening yellowed cottons or linens – Boil the yellowed items for one hour in a salt and baking soda solution

Removing blood stains – Soak the stained clothing or other cloth item in cold saltwater, then launder in warm, soapy water and boil after the wash. (Use only on cotton, linen or other natural fibers that can take high heat.)

Removing mildew or rust stains – Moisten stained spots with a mixture of lemon juice and salt, then spread the item in the sun for bleaching; and finally, rinse and dry.

Color-matching nylons – Good nylons that don’t have a match can be made the same color by boiling them a few minutes in a pan of lightly salted water.

Fixing sticking iron – Sprinkle a little salt on a piece of paper and run the hot iron over it to remove rough, sticky spots.

Cleaning fish tanks – Rub the inside of fish tanks with salt to remove hard water deposits, then rinse well before returning the fish to the tank. Use only plain, not iodized, salt.

Salt Uses & Tips: Health & Beauty

(Click to view our Scented Bath Salts and Wholesale & Bulk Bath Salts available for health and beauty use)

Gargling – Stir 1/2 teaspoon salt in an 8-ounce glass of warm water for use as a gargle for sore throats.

Cleaning teeth – Mix one part salt to two parts baking soda after pulverizing the salt in a blender or rolling it on a kitchen board with a tumbler before mixing. It whitens teeth, helps remove plaque and it is healthy for the gums.

Washing mouth – Mix equal parts of salt and baking soda as a mouth wash that sweetens the breath.

Bathing eyes – Mix 1/2 teaspoon of salt in a pint of water and use the solution to bathe tired eyes.

Reducing eye puffiness – Mix one teaspoon of salt in a pint of hot water and apply pads soaked in the solution on the puffy areas.

Relieving tired feet – Soak aching feet in warm water to which a handful of salt has been added. Rinse in cool water.

Relieving bee stings – If stung, immediately wet the spot and cover with salt to relieve the pain.

Treating mosquito and chigger bites – Soak in saltwater, then apply a mixture of lard and salt.

Treating poison ivy – Soaking the exposed part in hot saltwater helps hasten the end to poison ivy irritation.

Relieving fatigue – Soak relaxed for at least ten minutes in a tub of water into which several handfuls of salt has been placed.

Removing dry skin – After bathing and while still wet give yourself a massage with dry salt. It removes dead skin particles and aids the circulation.

Applying facial – For a stimulating facial, mix equal parts of salt and olive oil and gently massage the face and throat with long upward and inward strokes. Remove mixture after five minutes and wash face.

Removing tattoos – Called salabrasion, this technique involves rubbing salt on the tattoo and requires several treatments. Healing is required between sessions, but there is virtually no scarring. CAUTION: This is a medical procedure that can be done only by a physician.

Salt Uses & Tips: Household

Extinguishing grease fires – Keep a box of salt handy at your stove and oven and if a grease fire flares up, cover the flames with salt. Do not use water on grease fires; it will splatter the burning grease. Also a handful of salt thrown on flames from meat dripping in barbecue grills will reduce the flames and deaden the smoke without cooling the coals as water does.

Drip-proofing candles – Soak new candles in a strong salt solution for a few hours, then dry them well. When burned they will not drip.

Removing soot – Occasionally throw a handful of salt on the flames in your fireplace; it will help loosen soot from the chimney and salt makes a bright yellow flame.

Invigorating goldfish – Occasionally add one teaspoon of salt to a quart of fresh water at room temperature and put your goldfish in for about 15 minutes. Then return them to their tank. The salt swim makes them healthier.

Cleaning flower vases – To remove deposits caused by flowers and water, rub with salt; if you cannot reach the deposits to rub them, put a strong salt solution in the vase and shake, then wash the vase with soap and water.

Keeping cut flowers fresh – A dash of salt added to the water in a flower vase will keep cut flowers fresh longer.

Holding artificial flowers – Artificial flowers can be held in an artistic arrangement by pouring salt into the container, adding a little cold water and then arranging the flowers. The salt will solidify as it dries and hold the flowers in place.

Keeping patios weed-free – If weeds or unwanted grass come up between patio bricks or blocks, carefully spread salt between the bricks and blocks, then sprinkle with water or wait for rain to wet it down.

Killing poison ivy – Mix three pounds of salt with a gallon of soapy water and apply to leaves and stems with a sprayer.

Keeping windows frost-free – Rub the inside of windows with a sponge dipped in a saltwater solution and rub dry; the windows will not frost up in sub-freezing weather. Rubbing a small cloth bag containing salt that has been moistened on your car’s windshield will keep snow and ice from collecting.

Deicing sidewalks and driveways – Lightly sprinkling rock salt on walks and driveways will keep snow and ice from bonding to the pavement and allow for easy removal. Don’t overdo it; use the salt sensibly to avoid damage to grass and ornamentals.

Deodorizing shoes – Sprinkling a little salt in canvas shoes occasionally will take up the moisture and help remove odors.

References: http://www.saltworks.us/salt_info/salt-uses-and-tips.asp

Posted on Leave a comment

What Would You Pack for the Zombie Apocalypse?

Photographer Allison Stewart shoots the contents of people’s “bug-out bags.”

Photographs by Allison Stewart

Photographer Allison Stewart has been documenting the contents of “bug-out bags,” the stuff their owners deem necessary to deal with various types of emergencies. The bags’ contents project what people fear—war, martial law, natural disaster—and how they intend to cope. For some buggers it’s as simple as pills and a bottle of tequila; for others, a carefully planned pack of food and supplies to last a few days. They range from off-the-shelf and Homeland Security kits to off-grid survivalist bags and pet emergency packs.

apostle

Max’s bag has clean clothes, a gun and ammo, first aid and hygiene supplies, spare glasses, a transistor radio, tools, and a survival manual.

bug-out

The SNR bag ($59.99) includes some short-term basics for up to three people, including MREs, water, a transistor radio, a whistle, emergency ponchos and blankets, and tissues.

bug-out-1

Curtis, who lives in earthquake country, packed a kit that included a portable water-filtering system; tools, lightsticks; and an orange plastic bag that functions as a shelter, a raincoat, or a “flag” to draw the attention of airborne rescue teams.

bug-out-2

The cat Pet Pac ($90) contains, food, bowls, water, a collar with bells, a portable litter box and trowel, a pet first-aid kit, and toys.

bug-out-4

Jane’s keeps her earthquake kit right by her door. It contains baby wipes, toothbrushes and dental floss, flashlights & batteries, and a transistor radio.

bug-out-5

Jeff’s “go bag” includes a bulletproof vest and helmet, and a gas mask. It was intended to get him to his car, where he stored guns, knives, an axe, camping gear, water, and food. He also had off-grid property where he would bug out to when SHTF (shit hit the fan).

bug-out-6

MM’s bag (not the author) includes various weapons and tools, shoes and socks, waterproof paper and pens, an extra phone, marijuana, a beer, and a cigar.

bug-out-7

PB&J are an Atlanta couple whose bag includes maps, a trap for catching food and/or bait, a compass, a multi-tool and knife, tampons, bandages, fishing gear, and a first aid kit.

bug-out-8

PB’s “bug in” kit consists solely of a conversion valve that allows a gas-powered generator to run on propane or natural gas instead.

bug-out-9

Phil is a Civil War reenactor. His bag contains supplies a civilian in 1964 would carry to bug out. It includes hardtack and an apple for food, cooking gear, wool blankets, and lye soap.

bug-out-10

Simon was given this Homeland Security-issue bag at at a disaster preparedness seminar in New York City in the wake of Hurricane Sandy. It includes safety goggles, duct tape, a whistle, MREs and water, and a first aid kit.

bug-out-11

Sam’s bag includes food, walkie talkies and a radio for communication, playing cards, and wine—which Sam heard counteracts the effects of radiation poisoning.

bug-out-12

Mike’s bag: Tequila and phenobarbital. ‘Nuff said.

Posted on Leave a comment

How to survive a mass shooting… flee, hide, bite, spit, cover, shoot back, play dead and more

Saturday, November 14, 2015
by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger

As a concealed carry permit holder trained in handgun combat, I’ve learned more than a few things about surviving an encounter with armed shooters. In this two-part audio series, I share valuable, practical advice on how you can survive active shooting scenarios, with or without your own firearm.

These two special reports, linked below, cover concepts like:

• Fleeing the scene

• Fighting back with firearms

• Fighting back without firearms

• Closing with attackers to neutralize rifles: grappling range

• Unarmed attack methods: eye gouges, biting, spitting, hair pulling, groin shots, using expedient weapons like forks and chairs

• The concepts of “cover” vs. “concealment”

• The physics of gunfire… don’t believe the Hollywood myths

• Why vehicles do not provide cover from gunfire

• Playing dead and using other bodies as concealment and cover

• The importance of being armed (where legal to do so)

• Why gunmen never expect people to fight back

• Why waiting for the police to arrive and save you is a horrible mistake

Posted on Leave a comment

YES, YOU CAN PREPARE FOR EMERGENCIES – ON A BUDGET

Pastor: There is a ‘biblical mandate’ for Christians to take responsibility for being ready

With natural disasters, which sometimes can be predicted, and terrorism, which cannot, people are becoming more and more concerned about being prepared.

Add to that the signs in the sky that have been grabbing the attention of the nation, and “prepping” all of a sudden is mainstream.

It’s easy for the ultra-wealthy to accumulate the supplies and resources they need to ride out a storm, and one expert on the subject says it’s not that difficult for middle-class Americans, either.

Carl Gallups, a pastor and former law enforcement officer with first-hand experience inside the winds of hurricanes Ivan and Katrina, has a reassuring message: You can safeguard your family, church and community even if you are on a limited budget.

Gallups recently was interviewed by WND TV about his new book, “Be Thou Prepared: Equipping the Church for Persecution and Times of Trouble.”

Gallups said his book explains ways to eliminate some of the myths about preparedness, starting with the idea it can only be done effectively by the privileged few.

Survival supplies are readily available, he noted, pointing to the WND Superstore, where survival supplies and food can be purchased easily.

“People ask me this,” Gallups said. “They say, ‘I see the advertisements on TV, and buy all this food, and buy all this stuff, and how can I do that? I don’t have the money. Or it would cost me thousands of dollars, and I’m not able to do that.’”

Don’t buy everything at once, he said, but instead accumulate the necessities over time.

“You can buy food supplies, very reasonably, that will last for years,” Gallups said.

Even small expenditures function as long-term investments in a family’s security, Gallups told WND.

As a resident of “hurricane alley” in the Florida panhandle, Gallups lives preparedness as part of his family’s everyday routine.

“When we get slammed by a hurricane, we don’t go to a grocery store for weeks sometimes. We don’t have power for days, sometimes a week or more.”

So he’s always in a preparedness mindset.

“Every time we go to the grocery store, we just a couple extra jars of peanut butter, a couple extra tubes of toothpaste, or extra bars of soap,” he said. “Next time, same thing just different kinds of food, like extra cans of tuna, baked beans, a couple big boxes of matches, and then we put it aside.”

Buy a few everyday items each time at the store, he said.

“If you do it like that, it’s very easy,” he said. “You can store up water practically for nothing.”

Gallups said with the help of a water purification product and some forethought, families can have immediately accessible water even after a dire emergency.

If people do have some money available, Gallups advised those looking to prepare to buy in bulk.

“It might be a little more expensive at first, but considering how long it lasts and how much it is it’s a tremendous buy,” he stated.

“That’s what I tell folks,” he said to WND. “This is not going to cost you an arm or a leg, this is not something you’ll need to take a loan to do if you do it correctly, use your head, and do it in increments. Before long, you’ll have a very nice emergency pantry set up.”

Gallups said preparedness is not about living a fringe lifestyle but is simply about exercising common sense.

“I’m not a wild-eyed prepper, I’m a pastor, a father, a grandfather, a patriot, a former law enforcement officer with 40 years experience in law enforcement and pastoring,” Gallups said.

“So the book is written from a very biblical, balanced, logical, reasonable view of being prepared for what life can throw at you. Whether it’s a natural disaster or some worst case scenario like a terrorist attack and everything in between.”

Currently, “Be Thou Prepared” is No. 1 in the category of “Church Leadership” and No. 3 in the category of “Spiritual Warfare” at Amazon.com. Gallups says both categories reflect the same battle.

There is, he said, a “biblical mandate” for Christians to take responsibility for ensuring they are prepared to defend their families and loved ones. He also observed such preparedness allows Christians to take the lead in ministering the Gospel in the wake of any disaster.

For both temporal and theological reasons, Gallups urges believers to be prepared before it’s too late.

It’s not just emergency preparedness, he said, “It’s about being prepared for life.”

Posted on Leave a comment

Protect Electronics in a Faraday Cage

emp-blast

By Tricky

In the event of a nuclear strike or a solar flare an EMP or Electromagnetic pulse can be released frying circuits in electronic devices near the area. A Faraday cage is a box or device that protects all electrical items placed in the box by blocking radiation from radio signals that can build up electrical currents in devices and burn them out. Here’s some items you may or should have around the house to place your important electronic devices in to protect them.

emp-blast-1

1: Your microwave oven. Now obviously don’t turn it on. This will immediately destroy your devices. The process and shielding that protects you from being cooked along with your food also works in reverse by shielding items inside.

emp-blast-2

2: A ammo can. These versatile boxes have many uses other than just holding ammo. A steel box that is electrically conductive will protect your devices well by absorbing a large percentage of the radiation. I have seen ammo boxes with an inexpensive grounding wire attached to the box via a sheet metal screw and an alligator clip. Attaching the alligator clip to a water pipe in the house will ground the box and give you an additional layer of protection.

27.95

3. Mylar bag. Yes that’s right, a mylar bag will protect digital devices from electrical charges. You may have noticed some electronic devices are shipped in mylar for static protection. This will also give you layer of protection.

emp-blast-3

4. Last but not least. You could build a copper wire faraday cage. You can buy all the materials on amazon.

Copper screen material, some wood, hand tools, screws, and an afternoon you could build your own faraday cage.

 

I was joking around with my wife while I was writing this and told her If you want the best protection possible. We put the microwave in the faraday cage, the ammo box inside the microwave, a mylar bag in the ammo box and my 1974 black casio watch in the mylar bag. Because after a large EMP my electronic devices will be uses anyway, because all the networks required for them to work will be destroyed anyway.

Posted on Leave a comment

8 Tips For Placing Your First Survival Food Order

veggies

I’ll never forget my first, official order for survival food. My friend, Chrystalyn, was a pro at this, and she guided me through a bewildering order form with products and container sizes I didn’t recognize.

A #10 can? What was that?

A #2.5 can? Is that what I need or is the #10 size better?

What is wheat germade and will my kids eat what I’m buying since it’s not in name-brand cans?

Survival Food Ordering Made Easy

If I knew then what I know now, I wouldn’t have ordered wheat germade at all and would have ordered far more #2.5 cans of cocoa! Yes, we prefer brownies to hot cereal!

From years of experience, I pass on to you a few simple ways to determine what to order from survival food companies, such as Augason Farms, Thrive Life, and Emergency Essentials.

My 8 Tips For Placing Your First Survival Food Order

1. What produce do you use most often in the kitchen? Jot down the fruits and vegetables that you typically buy at the grocery store. Those will be the best choices for your early purchases, since you know they won’t go to waste, and you use recipes that incorporate them.

2. What are a few of your favorite recipes? It’s a good idea to stock up on those ingredients. Example: a hearty pasta and sausage dinner recipe. You could buy sausage crumbles, Italian herbs, dehydrated onions, freeze dried mozzarella and Parmesan cheeses, and macaroni. Of course you can use some of those same ingredients in other recipes, and that versatility is great.

3. Consider the staples you use most often: sugar, baking powder, herbs, etc. and then compare the food company’s prices to what you typically pay at a grocery store. Keep in mind that these products will be packaged for long term storage unlike those purchased at grocery stores. That is a big bonus. When we moved to a humid environment, several of my cardboard containers of salt were ruined.

TIP: Which size should you choose when shopping for these foods? Here is a link to my complete answer to that question.

4. Keep in mind the importance of snacks. My kids love the yogurt bites in all the various flavors. Perhaps order a few snack items in either the pouch or #2.5 can sizes to try these out. The smaller containers are also good for emergency kits.

5. Do you have some just-add-water meals for emergencies or power outages? Each company has their own varieties to try out. Make sure you give them a taste test, though, before buying in large containers or quantities. They’re lightweight, nutritious, and if you can manage to boil 3 or 4 cups of water, you have a meal in about 15 minutes.

6. When it comes to the various types of meat and poultry, which do you use most often? Prioritize those and then buy smaller containers of the ones you tend to buy and use most frequently. Give them a try in some of your recipes. If you really like the flavor, texture, and convenience, then you’ll know what to stock up on. As always, customize this to your preferences and the recipes you make most often.

7. You’ll need some meal-stretchers, such as rice, small pasta, certain grains, and beans. I like this category because these foods are versatile on their own, but then, when added to a casserole or soup, they help provide many more servings, as well as more nutrition and fiber.

8. Stock up on ingredients for soup. You may not make soup very often, but it’s an ideal recipe for survival scenarios. The concept is simple (start with a broth of some kind) and then add whatever is handy. Have a balance of veggies, proteins, and grains, and you’re good to go.

Posted on Leave a comment

Gangs WILL Rule The Cities

rules

by Ken Jorgustin

Here is one possible outcome for those living in the cities following a full-on SHTF collapse:

After TSHTF, Gangs may become the Number One problem in cities of any size. The gangs may take over a city very quickly starting with their own blocks and neighborhoods. Their numbers may grow very rapidly as those desperate for water and food will become their “new recruits” and may join for their own survival.

The gangs may become a formidable wrecking force for a number of logical reasons, and might be the downfall of many who are preparedness-minded while still living in the city…

Re-posted for your fresh input:

Gangs already rule the dark ‘underground’ of today’s cities. When TSHTF they will be unleashed and unbounded, enabled by the chaos that will become the new reality.

During this time, most law enforcement officers will be more concerned about the safety and well-being of their own families in their homes, and will likely choose to stay and defend their own property instead of leaving it behind to “go to work”.

People living in cities, or even the immediate population-dense suburbs, will be subjected to a very cruel and unusual environment. They will be HIGHLY at risk from foraging gangs.

Think about this… It is one thing to protect yourself and your family from an intruder who wishes you harm. But how will you protect yourself and your family from a gang mob?

The thing is, even in good times (today?) the gangs are armed with weapons, have honed their criminal skills, and are not afraid to use them. Can you imagine this after TSHTF?

Gangs WILL rule the cities.

Most of us living our lives today do not see the underworld, the underbelly, the gang and criminal activity lurking beneath the surface, the drugs and dealings… They cleverly hide it, and it lives largely in the shadows of our streets. If you know what to look for, you can find it and see it, but most do not as they are too busy texting, tweeting, or talking on cell phones as they blindly travel the streets.

It will be a shock when it happens – when the $hit hits the fan.

Many preppers and/or preparedness-minded people living in the dense population of the city or suburbia believe that they will stay put and make it on their own after TSHTF. This will NOT be the majority case in my opinion. Confronting or evading a roving hostile foraging gang may be suicide or impossible for most.

It’s all about the numbers.

10, 20, 50 (or more) of them and 5 (or less) of you? Who’s going to win?

It will take clever planning, particular assets (which will be running out), and ‘enough of you’ (an adequate number of you) to deal with this threat. If you do not have overwhelming numbers or overwhelming defensive measures and/or protection, you will be wise to choose a plan that avoids direct confrontation altogether.

Here’s one idea: Move out of the city before the SHTF. Move out of densely populated suburbia.

We all ‘hope’ that the $hit will never hit the fan – causing a terrible collapse and social chaos scenario. We ‘hope’ that the-powers-that-be will hold it all together for years to come. We ‘hope’ that because things have always been fairly peaceful in our lives, that they always will be. We ‘hope’ that all the things that we’re discovering about the systemic risks we’re facing are just overblown and exaggerated. We ‘hope’ that the mainstream is right and everything’s mostly okay out there.

The things is, we’re living in a bubble. A cocoon. We have a very false sense of security that has only existed for a VERY small slice of time on the timescale of human civilization. We are living in a technological fantasy world of sorts. Our sense of security could be blown out of the water in an instant. Be aware of where you live and whether or not you will be in immediate danger of gangs who will TAKE your food and supplies (and worse) as they feed their needs to survive after TSHTF.

We must accept that ‘if’ the $hit hits the fan, that gangs will probably become your worst nightmare. And these may not be the stereotypical gangs that you visualize in your mind… they will include hoards of desperate people willing to do anything to survive.

Don’t say I didn’t warn you…

What’s your opinion about so called ‘gangs’ ruling the cities after collapse? Will this element organize enough to become a substantial roving threat? Will they remain in smaller groups as they forage through the city for supplies? Will a single household stand a chance against this element?

Posted on Leave a comment

It’s That Time of Year Again: Prepping for Cold and Flu Season

It’s That Time of Year Again: Prepping for Cold and Flu Season

nutrition

What could be more beneficial to you in the advent of the Common Cold/Flu season than knowledge on how to treat and prevent them from occurring in the first place? Except maybe some of JJ’s chicken soup (which is pretty darn good, by the way….I make it with rice and a ton of celery and carrots)? Well, I can’t send all the soup, so this will have to suffice. Take this info along with you as the weather cools and you’re spending more time camping and hiking in the cold weather.

 

The Cold Hard Facts on the Common Cold

The Common Cold is defined as an acute infection of any and all parts of the respiratory tract from the nasal mucosa to the nasal sinuses, throat, larynx, trachea, and bronchi. Most people come down with a cold at least once per year. School-aged children are most susceptible due to the facts that their immune system is not as highly developed as and adults, and that they are in close proximity to a larger “pool” of sick little minnows. Perhaps that is where the word “school” takes its true meaning! Cigarette smokers also have a higher risk and longer recovery time for the cold.

In terms of etiology, more than 200 different viruses can cause the common cold. Some examples are rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, and coronaviruses. For this reason (size and diversity of the viral origin) it is very difficult to identify the exact cause of the organism. The colds are never really cured; for the most part, the symptoms are addressed and an attempt is made to ameliorate the sufferer’s condition. The common cold causes more lost work time and absence from school than any other ailment.

On average, people in the U.S. spend more than $1 billion each year on nonprescription medicines and treatments for the common cold and its symptoms.The symptoms include (but are not limited to):

  • the swelling of nasal mucosa, increased mucus production
  • cough
  • swelling of the throat lining
  • sinus pressure with or without watery eyes
  • lethargy
  • loss of sleep.

The symptoms can last anywhere from 2 days to 2 weeks. Should the cold run longer than 10 days, be accompanied by fever, or have systemic conditions, this may be an indication that something more serious is underlying. In this case, contact your physician for an appointment immediately.

How to Get Better

The offending organism/virus may be present in nasal secretions for 1 week or even longer past the initial onset of the signs and symptoms. It is important for this reason alone to dispose of all Kleenex and tissue paper used to expel mucous, and to control handkerchiefs so they have no contact with anyone else. As mentioned earlier, patients treat the symptoms and suffer through the cold until it has run its course. There are several over-the-counter (OTC) medications available to the cold-afflicted person.

Analgesics: painkillers for aches, pains, and muscular soreness; some are also fever-reducers; these include Acetaminophen (Tylenol), Aspirin, and Ibuprofen (Motrin). Follow the instructions on the label. Generally they should be taken with food and water.

Antihistamines: these decrease the nasal secretions of mucous by blocking the actions of histamine. One example is Chlorpheniramine.

Cough Medicines: these fall into two general categories – 1. Expectorants: these increase the amount of phlegm and mucous production to make the cough more productive; the secretions gradually remove the organism. An example is Guaifenisin. 2. Antitussives: these reduce the coughing. Dextromethorphan is an example.

Decongestants: they shrink the blood vessels of the nasal passages and help to relieve edema (swelling) and the congestion. An example is Pseudeoephedrine hydrochloride (Sudafed), of which now you have to show your driver’s license to buy it OTC: government approval to insure you’re not using it to make Methamphetamines.

There are also some natural aids that can help in your supportive care and may aid in your recovery. Vitamin C is recommended by Dr. Balch to fight cold viruses, in amounts ranging from 5,000 to 20,000 mg daily.Although citrus fruits and juices are rich in Vitamin C, you’ll have to find a reliable supplement to provide the amounts listed in the above recommendation.

Eucalyyptus oil can be found in your friendly neighborhood Wal-Mart and in your health food stores. The oil is useful in combating congestion. Place 5 drops in your bath, or 6 drops per cup of boiling water as a steam inhalant to loosen the congestion. Read any instructions on the label from the manufacturer.

Tea Tree oil can also be found in the aforementioned sources. The oil is helpful with sore throats. Place 3-6 drops in warm water and gargle with it up to 3 times per day, and remember: do not drink it. Spit it out. Follow the instructions on the manufacturer’s label, as different brands have different concentrations.

Garlic (Allium sativum) is (as usual) the all-around wonder herb. Garlic is effective in preventing the common cold, reducing recovery time, and reducing symptom duration. The herb is available in capsule or tablet form in the aforementioned establishments, and as a solid or aqueous extract in your health food concerns. Daily dosage is 4 grams of fresh garlic per day. A clove can be consumed 1-2 times per day, or up to 8 mg essential oil.

Influenza

Influenza is another virus to worry about during the colder months. It has plagued man throughout the ages and is only now in the “infancy stages” of being understood, especially in function. The disease (seasonal) is described as being an acute, contagious, respiratory infection with fever, headache, and cough, originating with a virus (influenza A, in 65% of cases, or influenza B, in 35% of cases). Incubation is usually 1-3 days with the illness running its course in about a week. There are more than 400 types of viruses. Current antiviral medications include amantadine and rimantadine.

Over-the-counter medications are for treatment of symptoms while the body is fighting the infection and recovering. Such medications are guaifenisin (an expectorant),acetaminophen (fever and pain), and robitussin (cough), among others. We are all undoubtedly familiar with them. So how do viruses work? What are they? Let us explore some basics to better understand them.

Treating the Influenza Virus

Influenza has plagued man throughout the ages and is only now in the “infancy stages” of being understood, especially in function. The disease (seasonal) is described as being an acute, contagious, respiratory infection with fever, headache, and cough, originating with a virus (influenza A, in 65% of cases, or influenza B, in 35% of cases). Incubation is usually 1-3 days with the illness running its course in about a week. Current antiviral medications include amantadine and rimantadine.

Over-the-counter medications are for treatment of symptoms while the body is fighting the infection and recovering. Such medications are guaifenisin (an expectorant),acetaminophen (fever and pain), and robitussin (cough), among others. We are all undoubtedly familiar with them. So how do viruses work? What are they? Let us explore some basics to better understand them.

There are more than 400 types of viruses. A virus is basically a pathogen with a protein coating containing nucleic acids. They are broken down and classified by several methods pertaining to their physiology: 1. Genome (RNA or DNA), 2. Host/target (bacteria, plant, or animal), 3. Reproduction mode, 4. Mode of transmission, and 5. Disease/illness effected.

The influenza virus is absorbed by its “victim,” or host (either respiration or ingestion usually), and then it attaches itself to the cell wall of one of the host’s cells. The virus then injects its viral-DNA into the cell where it synthesizes with cellular DNA and proteins. Such is its process of reproduction, and its unit is referred to as a phage. The cell’s own machinery is utilized to reproduce more phages. The cell becomes “overcrowded” with phages and the cell wall lyses (or ruptures) to release untold numbers of new individual phages to (each) begin the cycle again.

Sometimes the phages form small “buds” that break off and infect another cell. One of the problems with viruses is that they can have antigens, which are protein markers normally recognizable to our body’s White Blood Cells (WBC’s); the antigens mutate frequently, and this is the problem. The WBC’s cannot recognize the new, mutated antigen as the problem. Immunoglobulins are antibodies, and these are confounded by the change/mutation that prevents them from working effectively against the new form of the virus.

Viruses are very small, requiring (in most cases) an electron microscope to be able to detect them. The field of comparison could be likened in this manner: a bacterial cell can be likened to the size of a bus, and a virus would be likened to a marble on that bus. Provided please find a list of definitions that will help you that you can refer to in the subsequent article:

Virulence – the relative power and degree of pathogenicity possessed by organisms.

Retroviruses – (Retroviridae); these viruses contain reverse transcriptase, an enzyme essential for reverse transcription, i.e., production of a DNA molecule from an RNA model.

Neuraminidase – an enzyme present on the surface of influenza virus particles; enables the virus to separate from the cell.

Cytokine – One of more than 100 distinct proteins produced by WBC’s. Provide signals to stimulate specific immune response during inflammation/infection.

Incubation – The interval between exposure to infection and the appearance of the first symptom.

You may be wondering a few things, but mainly, why all this? You needed a few basics and some notes to help you with your understanding of the mechanics of the virus and how it affects you. In order to provide clear-cut, factual information without continually explaining terms, these basics have been provided. “What about naturopathic cures for seasonal influenza?” may be your next question? You already have heard of standard herbal and natural foods to help with influenza (seasonal), such as Echinacea or Elderberry. Such foods as these, in the case of the Ebola virus, or even the (almost forgotten) H5N1 (Bird flu virus)…these herbs will be detrimental to you.

In the case of the “standard” seasonal flu, however, Echinacea and Elderberry are just fine. Echinacea refers to the Purple Coneflower, primarily (Echinacea purpurea), and this is available in many different forms (capsule, liquid, and other forms). Daily dosage is 900 mg of drug for a maximum duration of 8 weeks.

Echinacea refers to the Purple Coneflower, primarily (Echinacea purpurea), and this is available in many different forms (capsule, liquid, and other forms). Daily dosage is 900 mg of drug for a maximum duration of 8 weeks.

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) can shorten the duration and severity of the flu. The daily dosage is 10 – 15 grams. With it and with Echinacea, check the label to see the proper dosage, as each can be found in varying strengths and concentrations as per the manufacturer.

Please keep in mind that all of the aforementioned naturopathic aids are supportive in nature and are an adjunct, not a substitute for a doctor’s care. Consult with your friendly and happy family physician prior to taking any actions regarding any information provided in this article. Be well.

Posted on Leave a comment

50 Ways to Use Duct Tape for Survival

50 Ways to Use Duct Tape for Survival

duct-tape

I have always claimed, and not altogether jokingly, that you could build a house with Elmer’s glue and Duct Tape. Both items are readily available, relatively inexpensive, and easy to tote around. Given my penchant for common, everyday products that can be used dozens of ways, I thought it would be fun to once again look at some of the practical uses of duct tape around the house, camping, and of course, in a survival or emergency situation.

All About Duct Tape

Duct tape is a strong, cloth-backed, waterproof adhesive tape often coated with polyethylene.

There are a couple of different lines of thought about the origins of duct tape.

According to one version, the miracle stuff was created during World War II when the US military needed a flexible, durable, waterproof tape to use making repairs in the field. A strong tape was created by Permacell, a division of Johnson and Johnson for this purpose. As the story goes, the GIs called it “duck tape” because it was waterproof – like a duck’s back.

The other version dates back to the same era, but gives the credit to the heating industry. When people first began using central heating, aluminum ducts were installed throughout homes in order to distribute the heat to different rooms. The joints of the ducts were leaking, so in an effort to conserve heat, duct tape was created to resolve the issue. It had to be highly adhesive, moist enough that it wouldn’t dry out and lose its adhesive properties, and strong enough to withstand the weight of the shifting ducts.

Regardless of the origin, I think we can all agree that duct tape is a fix-all.

As with most excellent products, there are lots of cheap knock-offs. Since your life could one day rely on your

survival supplies, purchase duct tape that is designed for builders. This can be found at the hardware or home improvement store, generally in the heating and air conditioning section.

But enough of the boring details. Just how can you use this miracle tape?

50 Uses of Duct Tape for Survival and Emergencies

1. Repair a tent: You open your tent at the campsite and oops — a little tear. No problem as long as you’ve brought your duct tape along. Cover the hole with a duct tape patch; for double protection mirror the patch inside the tent. You’ll keep insects and weather where they belong.

2. Make a rope: In a pinch, you can twist one or several lengths of duct tape into a cord or rope. (Of course paracord would be a lot better and you do have some of that, right?)

3. Make a clothesline: Twisting a long piece of Duct tape makes a great piece of rope to use as a clothesline to dry out camp clothing.

4. Hold the feathers in your sleeping bag: If you have a hole in your down sleeping bag, you can patch the hole with duct tape. No more feathers flying out all over the place.

5. Reseal packages of food: Use duct tape to seal up partially opened packages of food. Fold over the top of the package and seal it tight with a piece of duct tape. Works for cans, too. Simply fashion a lid out of duct tape.

6. Hold your tent closed: A damaged zipper could leave your tent door flapping in the wind. Stick the door shut, and keep the bugs and critters out.

7. Splint a broken tent pole or fishing pole: Tape a stick to the broken area of your tent pole or fishing rod, and you might just get one last adventure out of it.

8. Catch pesky flies: Roll off a few foot-long strips of duct tape and hang them from a branch or your tent or cabin rafters. The DT serves as flypaper and when you depart, you can roll up the tape to toss it in the trash. No need to use nasty chemicals, either.

9. Repair your water bottle: Have a cracked water bottle or a pierced hydration bladder? A little strip of duct tape to the rescue. Be sure to dry the surface before you try to tape your patch in place since most forms of duct tape don’t stick to wet surfaces. You can also wrap plastic water bottles with duct tape to prevent cracking and leaking.

10. Make a spear: Strap your knife to a pole and you have a trusty spear to fend off beasts, or make one into your dinner.

11. Create a shelter: With some trash bags and some duct tape, and you have a survival shelter roof, or sleeping bag cover, or a wind break.

12. Wrap a sprained ankle: If you trip and sprain your ankle, wrap the ankle with duct tape to give it some support.

13. Make butterfly bandage strips: Cut two small strips of DT, and add a smaller strip across their centers (sticky side to sticky side) to create a makeshift butterfly suture.

14. Make a sling: Fold a length of DT down the middle, so that it is half the original width and no longer exposing a sticky side. Use the strap to make a sling for an injured arm or shoulder.

15. Affix bandages: Place a sterile dressing over your wound, and strap it in place with DT.

16. Blister care: Got a blister on your foot?Cover the blistered area with a bit of cotton gauze, and tape over the cotton. Make sure that the duct tape fully covers the cotton and doesn’t touch the blister at all.

17. Create a splint: A broken ankle or leg can be stabilized with ample splint material, padding and duct tape.

18. Make a crutch: Pad the crotch of a forked branch with some cloth and duct tape to fashion a quick crutch to

go with your splint.

19. Make a bandage: Fold tissue paper or paper towel to cover the wound and cover this with duct tape.

20. Make a temporary roof shingle: If you have lost a wooden roof shingle, make a temporary replacement by wrapping duct tape in strips across a piece of 1/4-inch (6-millimeter) plywood you’ve cut to size. Wedge the makeshift shingle in place to fill the space. It will close the gap and repel water until you can repair the roof.

21. Fix a hole in your siding: Has the stormy weather damaged your vinyl siding? A broken tree limb tossed by the storm, hailstones, or even an errant baseball can rip your siding. Patch tears in vinyl siding with duct tape. Choose tape in a color that matches your siding and apply it when the surface is dry. Smooth your repair by hand or with a rolling pin. The patch should last at least a season or two.

22. Tape a broken window: Before removing broken window glass, crisscross the broken pane with duct tape to hold it all together. This will ensure a shard does not fall out and cut you.

23. Mend a screen: Have the bugs found the tear in your window or door screen? Thwart their entrance until you make a permanent fix by covering the hole with duct tape.

24. Repair a trash can: Plastic trash cans that are blown over by a storm or frozen in an ice storm often split or crack along the sides. Repair the tear with duct tape. Just be sure the can is completely dry and tape over the crack both outside and inside.

25. Make a belt: Run a piece of DT through your belt loops and stick it to itself in the front. Overlap it about 4 or 5 inches and you’ll still be able to peel the belt apart when nature calls.

26. Repair your glasses: If your glasses break while you are out in the wilderness, tape them up. You might look a bit nerdy but at least you will be able to see.

27. Fix your rain gear: Keep the dry stuff dry and keep the water out by mending your ripped rain gear with a few strips of duct tape.

28. Repair your clothing: Repair rips and tears in your clothing by slipping a piece of tape inside the rip, sticky side out, and carefully pressing both sides of the rip together. The repair will be barely detectable.

29. Add extra insulation in your boots: Make your winter boots a little bit warmer by taping the insoles with duct tape, silver side up. The shiny tape will reflect the warmth of your feet back into your boots.

30. Repair boots: If your boots have come apart or the sole has come off, perform a quick duct tape repair to help keep moisture and cold air away from your socks.

31. Keep snow out of your boots: If the snow is so deep it goes over the tops of your boots, you can wrap the tape around them to keep the tops against your legs to keep them shut tight so that you don’t get snow inside your boots.

32. Keep bugs and parasites out of your boots: Same concept as above, summer version. Secure the tops of your boots against your legs to bar entry to ticks, chiggers, and other creepy crawlies.

33. Hem your pants: No time to hem your new jeans? Fake it with a strip of duct tape. The new hem will last through a few washes too.

34. Make handcuffs: Create handcuffs for the bad guys by taping their hands together around a tree to prevent them from becoming a danger to themselves or others.

35. Mark a trail: Use duct tape to blaze a trail so you can easily find your way back.

36. Signal for rescue: If you have brightly colored or reflective duct tape, you can use it to signal for rescue.

37. Make emergency repairs on your Bug Out Vehicle: Repair leaking hoses, broken tail lights, windows that don’t stay and even bullet holes with strips of duct tape.

38. Hang perimeter or security lights: String lights around your camp with a rope make of duct tape.

39. Make a disguise: Using trash bags and leaves, fashion a disguise then hold it all together with duct tape so that you can hide in plain sight.

40. Repair above ground swimming pools: Got an above ground pool as part of your water storage, fish farming, or aquaponics set up? Don’t despair if you spring a leak. Simply dry the area completely, then adhere DT on both the inside and outside of the rip or hole. This little trick can also be used for waterbeds.

41. Repair gutter downpipes: Wrap the joints in duct tape to secure downpipes that won’t stay together.

42. Remove splinters: Make sure skin is perfectly dry. Apply duct tape to the area where the splinter is embedded and quickly yank it off.

43. Repair a small boat: If you have a small fishing boat, kayak, or canoe that gets a hole or crack in it, you can repair it by drying the area thoroughly and applying duct tape on both sides. The repair may not last forever but will probably get you back to civilization.

44. Repair work gloves: Got some heavy work gloves coming apart at the seams? Repair them by folding duct tape, sticky side in, over the seam and pressing it together.

45. Brace broken ribs: If you’ve broken or cracked your ribs, but you still need to function, you can provide support with duct tape. Put on a slim fitting shirt or tank top to protect your skin, then wrap your rib cage tightly with duct tape

46. Black out your windows: Use duct tape in conjunction with heavy garbage bags to cover windows during an emergency. Nothing says “rob me” like being the only house in the neighborhood with lights on.

47. Remove warts: Cover a planter wart with a piece of duct tape for 6 days. Replace the tape when the adhesive loosens or gets wet. After 6 days, remove the tape and soak the area with water. Then, gently rub the wart with an emery board. Repeat the procedure until the wart is gone.

48. Repair leaking pipes: Making sure to dry the area completely, apply duct tape to PVC pipes that are leaking.

49. Seal your home: In the event of a pandemic or a biological, nuclear, or chemical attack get all family members inside and seal off windows and doors securely with duct tape.

50. Seal ammo boxes: Protect your ammunition from moisture by sealing the boxes with duct tape.

 

Posted on Leave a comment

How to Make Your Own Alcohol for Post-SHTF

How to Make Your Own Alcohol for Post-SHTF

alcohol

Alcohol has been made, used, and consumed by people for thousands of years. For examples, cereal grains were used to make beer in Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Later on, the Greeks and the Romans began producing wine and used it as a part of their social and religious lives.

Today, the use of alcohol has largely been reduced to quenching thirst or to be used in religious practices for some people, but it can also be used as an anti-septic, to sterilize equipment, as a morale booster, to make weapons, and most importantly, as a bartering item when it comes to SHTF. These are just a handful of reasons for why alcohol will be in exceptionally high demand during and in the aftermath of a great disaster.

For this reason, brewing your own alcohol at home would be a wise skill to add to your existing list of survival assets. Just like any other skill, home brewing requires you to practice extensively until you get it right, but as the old adage goes, practice makes perfect.

As long as you have the necessary resources and the knowledge, you will be able to make your own alcoholic beverages in a post-SHTF world, but also keep in mind you have to stockpile the tools and the equipment to make them as they might be hard to get post collapse.

Beer

To make beer, you’ll need hops, specialty grains, yeast, and malt extract. But the first thing you need to is to make sure that your work area and all of your materials are clean. Any successful brewer will be sure to inform you that one of the secrets to a successful brewing is that everything used is fully cleaned and sanitized.

Next, steep the grains by placing them into a grain or mesh bag, and then steeping it in a large, roughly three gallon pot of hot water for about thirty minutes. After that, you can then remove it and allow the water to drip from the bag and into the pot.

At this point, you can then add the malt before bringing it all to a boil. After the mixture has boiled for a few minutes, feel free to add in the hops in intervals. The reason we recommend that you add in the hops later in the boil is because adding it too soon can cause the beer to taste bitterer.

Once the liquid mixture has been boiled, you’ll need to allow it to cool very quickly. Rather than just setting the pot out on the counter to cool, we suggest that you place the entire pot with the lid in a sink filled with cold or ice water.

Once the mixture has been reduced to around eighty degrees Fahrenheit, it is ready to be transferred over to a fermenter. When the fermentation process has begun, you will want to keep its exposure to the air to a bare minimum. This is done to preventing any unpleasant flavors or smells developing from out of the mixture.

Use a strainer to scoop out the hops, since all of the good stuff has already been used out of them. Next, add water before then adding in the yeast. Sometimes, the yeast will need to be first stirred with warm water before being added to the mixture, but this is not always necessary.

Proceed to place a lid over the fermenter, and then place the fermenter itself in a darker location where it will be at a constant room temperature. Within a period of twenty four hours, you should notice that the air lock is bubbling.

Within the next week, this bubbling activity will slow down considerably. Within two weeks, it should stop considerably. It is now ready to be bottled.

You can start the bottling process by transferring the beer, using a sanitized siphon, from the fomenter to your clean bottling bucket. Open up the spigot and then place the bottle filler into a bottle. By pressing the filler to the bottom of the bucket, the beer will soon flow.

As long as you have the right resources like we have explored and get enough practice in, you can easily become a decent beer brewer in your own right.

alcohol

Wine

A prepper who is learning to brew should learn how to make beer first, but wine should be second. In addition to the actual wine ingredients that you’ll need, you will also have to acquire a glass jar with a volume of at least two gallons, another glass container that’s have the size of your first, a thin plastic siphon, sanitized water bottles, and an airlock.

An advantage to making wine is that it can be made with nearly any kind of fruit, with the two most common choices being berries and grapes. Just be sure to pick the ones that are in their prime and at their best flavor, and if possible, pick fruits that have not been touched by chemicals.

Rinse any fruit you collect very thoroughly. Many novice wine makers make the mistake of peeling it while in the rinsing stage, but this only removes much of the flavor from the eventual wine and is therefore not recommended if a stronger wine is what you desire.

You can use your hands to crush the fruit, but if you have something like a potato masher on hand that would work even better. The juices will be released as you squeeze them. Continue adding juices until it is within two inches of the crock’s top. If you don’t have enough juice to accomplish this, you can always use clean water to accomplish this tax.

Next, add some honey. Honey is critical in making wine as it is what gives it its sweetened flavor. The more honey you add, the sweeter your wine will taste. But even if you don’t prefer a sweeter wine, you should still add two cups at the minimum.

Now, you can add the yeast. Simply pour it into the mix and then stir it using a spoon. Like the honey, adding yeast to your wine is a must.

Next, place a lid or a cover over the crock and then store it for the night. This covering should keep any bugs or pests out, but also need to allow some air to flow in and out. There are crock lids that are designed specifically for this purpose, you can take a t-shirt and secure it over the opening with a rubber band. The crock will need to be stored at room temperature.

Dedicate a few minutes of your time over the next four days to stirring the mixture thoroughly. Most wine makers recommend that you stir the mixture at least once every four to five hours during the day. As the yeast begins to take action, the mixture will bubble, signaling that the fermentation process has begun.

The bubbling will slow down roughly three days after it started. At this point, you’ll need to siphon out the liquid to a carboy so it can be stored for the long term. Once all of the mixture has been siphoned, attach the airlock to the opening of the carboy so that gas can be released while stopping any oxygen from entering and ruining the wine.

From this point, you can sit back for at least a month and allow your wine to age. The more months you leave the wine alone, the better taste it will have. But considering that you’re making wine during or immediately after a long term SHTF situation, one month will suffice.

Once you’re satisfied with the wine’s taste, you can then proceed to bottle it. Make sure that your siphon tube has been sanitized before bottling the wine in order to prevent any bacteria from getting into it. After filling up the bottles, cork them immediately. You can then either allow them to sit and age further, or you can enjoy them immediately.

alcohol-1

Whiskey

Whiskey is produced from fermented grain mash. There are many different combinations of grains, which explain why there are many different kinds of whiskey. Most of the time, the grain mash will be made out of wheat, rye, barley, and corn (as with Bourbon whiskey).

Making your own whiskey will consist of five basic steps. The first step is to make the whiskey mash. Mashing is simply using the steeping process from hot water to activate enzymes, which essentially converts the starches from the grains into the fermented sugars. The resulting solution will be very rich in sugars and is referred to as wort. Later on, the yeast will be what converts that wort into alcohol.

At this point, you will have to decide what kind of whiskey you want to make. You can choose any whiskey recipe that you know of, but for this article, we’ll assume that you’ll go with the Bourbon recipe that we told you of above.

The next step is the fermentation process. This is the process where the sugars are converted into Co2 and ethanol. Once you have selected your recipe, made the wort, and then added the yeast to the wort, it will begin to ferment. The fermentation process takes anywhere from a couple of days to over a week. The temperature and the nutrients in the yeast are the two biggest factors in determining how long it will take. You will know that the fermentation process is complete when there are no longer any bubbles forming.

The next step is the distillation process. The primary goal of the distillation process is to separate the wort and the ethanol. Granted, it’s going to be impossible to separate them exactly. But you should still be able to get a solution that is four fifths ethanol and one fifth water and mash flavors.

The whiskey will be distilled in a pot still. To distill, transfer the wort to a still using a sanitary siphon. Heat the mixture very slowly, but without burning it. You should grant yourself at least forty five minutes before the wash will come to a boil.

Next, start the condenser until it reaches a temperature of one hundred and thirty degrees Fahrenheit. A consistent drip should then begin to form at the condenser’s end. Collect this mixture, which the temperature reading around one hundred and eighty degrees on the thermometer. Allow the temperature to climb forward to two hundred degrees, distilling out the fusel oil and adding flavors to the final product, before turning it off and removing the mixture from the source of heat.

Allow everything to cool before continuing on with the next step of maturation. Whiskey will always taste best after it has aged, and it always ages the best either when placed in oak barrels or when having oak chips added to the mixture. Once you have bottled your whiskey, it will no longer mature.

The fifth and final step is to dilute and bottle the whiskey, again by using a sanitized siphon. To truly enjoy whiskey, you’ll want to cut the mixture with water.

Conclusion

Keep in mind that while brewing your own alcohol at home is an important skill, it is also something that can be fun and should therefore not be dreaded; despite how complicated of a process it may sound. You may make a few mistakes on your first few tries, but that is to be expected and you’ll learn more with each new brewing.

Many people use alcohol brewing as a chance to bring family and friends together, where you can demonstrate to them how to make homemade beer and wine, and pass on their skills.