If you’ve yet to build a winter emergency vehicle kit, now’s the time.
With fall currently in full swing, those of us who live, work, and play in the mountains are seeing the first signs that winter is near.
Soon, the mountain peaks will be capped white with snow and roadway conditions will change for the worst at the drop of a hat. Icy roads and deep snow are extremely dangerous for travel and a leading cause of stranded vehicles.
Every year, we hear stories of motorists stranded in blizzards. Sometimes it’s only overnight, but occasionally (on rural back roads) they are stranded for days or weeks, huddled in their vehicle struggling to stay warm.
Too many of those sad tales end in tragedy. For example, here’s a story of a man trapped in his vehicle for 2 weeks when caught in a freak blizzard storm.
He was luck, he survived. But if he’d properly prepared, he wouldn’t have had such a close call.
With some basic survival knowledge and a stash of survival supplies, your odds of surviving stranded in a winter blizzard goes up significantly. These are supplies everyone should store in their vehicle for winter travel. It’s called a winter car emergency survival kit.
This kit will help you accomplish two things. It will help you get unstuck should your vehicle slide off the road. And this kit will help you survive should you not be able to get your vehicle unstuck.
So you winter emergency vehicle kit is made up of items that fit into these two categories:
- Gear to help you get unstuck
- Supplies in case you can’t get unstuck
Items To Help You Get Unstuck
Your best bet is to be self-sufficient and avoid spending a night (or longer) stranded. So it’s worth having a few key tools in your vehicle to get you going again.
Mainly, the preventative equipment required for self-rescue consists of 1) ways to remove (or simply move) snow and 2) traction devices to help you get a grip on icy and snowy surfaces. Plus a few items to make the use of these items a little more convenient.
1 – Snow Shovel
A good, sturdy shovel is an absolute must for a winter car kit. Often, some efficient digging can help you quickly get free.
And even if you still can’t get your vehicle free, a shovel will allow you to keep your vehicle from being entirely buried under a snow drift. Because a vehicle that’s completely buried in snow is nearly impossible for a rescue team to spot.
Or if worst came to worst, you could use your shovel to build a snow shelter.
2 – Windshield Scraper and Brush
In all winter weather conditions, you’ll have to remove a lot of snow and ice from your vehicle’s roof and windshield.
A good, heavy-duty scraper and brush with a long handle will save you a lot of time and effort, as well as make it easier to see out your windows, keeping it out of the ditch.
Have one of these is a must have all winter long. I’m always amazed when people are huddled in their cars for 30 or more minutes waiting for their vehicles defroster to warm their windshield because they don’t own a scraper. Talk about unprepared!
3 – Traction Mats
Often, a little extra traction is all that’s needed to get moving again. Many people use sand or kitty litter, but these items only work once and then you’re out of luck.
A set of traction mats are reusable and can be easily repositioned to keep you heading in the right direction.
4 – Tire Chains
In packed snow road conditions, tire chains are an excellent way to help with traction and prevent sliding in the first place. However, they are a controversial topic, so make sure to check the local regulations regarding their use.
Many western states, require tire chains in severe conditions. In the Midwest, they are illegal in most jurisdictions even during the worst snows.
If you carry chains, make sure you know how to install them – put them on first in your dry driveway and later in a snowy parking lot.
It’s a lot harder to get them on tight and secure when it’s dark, and you’re fumbling with cold hands, so you’ll appreciate the practice if the need arises.
5 – Small Tarp
A small tarp makes kneeling in the snow (and roadside slush) a lot easier and drier.
It also helps keep you from losing parts or tools into the snow. A 5’x7′ tarp is a perfect size for a lot of roadside uses.
6 – Battery Boost Jumper
Cold weather is rough on your vehicle’s battery, and it’s easy to find yourself unable to start the engine when you need it most.
A self-contained battery jumper is a simple solution and much better than waiting for another motorist to jump start your engine.
7 – LED Tactical Flashlight
All survival kits need a super bright LED EDC flashlight. If it’s dark out or the blizzard has blocked the sun out you’ll need illumination to see what you’re doing. Also, it’s a good idea to keep a spare set of batteries in your winter emergency vehicle kit as well.
Items In Case You Can’t Get Unstuck
If you have to stay out overnight, you’ll need a few more things.
At this point, your focus turns from getting your vehicle out, to keeping yourself and your passengers protected from the elements and as warm as possible.
8 – Water
In the winter, the colder temperatures often trick people into assuming they don’t need to drink as much water. You tend not to feel as thirsty.
The truth is you need to stay hydrated to maintain proper body temperature, no matter the weather outside. Want proof?
High-altitude mountaineers spend about as much time melting drinking water as they do climbing – it’s THAT important.
A stainless steel water bottle is an excellent choice since you can use it over a camp stove or small fire to melt and heat water.
Never eat large amounts of snow directly. Always melt the snow before ingesting. If you eat snow directly, you’re basically using your internal body temperature to melt the snow. This can lower your core temperature and lead to hypothermia.
9 – Food
In the cold, your body is craving calories in any form, burning them at an increased pace to keep your core body temperature up.
Cookies, crackers, nuts, dried fruit, plain chocolate bars, jerky. I like the high-calorie bars since you buy them once and you’re food preparation is done.
Snickers bars may taste great, but you’ll chip a tooth on the caramel trying to eat one that’s been sitting in sub-zero temps for even a few hours.
If you’re able to heat water over a stove or fire, consider adding powdered hot chocolate or another warm drink with lots of calories.
10 – Extra Warm Clothes
If your vehicle is stuck in the snow, chances are you’ll int the cold for an extended period of time as you attempt to get out on your own.
Quite often, this can leave you snowy and wet, a bad combination for cold weather survival.
Carrying a change of clothes and some extra insulating layers will let you get out of any wet clothes and warm up while you plan your next move.
Glove are a must. If you’re trying to do any of these survival tasks with bare hands you’re not going to be successful. I like Mechanix brand gloves since they provide me the dexterity to perform survival tasks. Try lighting a fire with thick mittens on; not fun.
11 – All Weather Reflective Blanket
You can go with a thick wool blanket but I prefer an all-weather reflective emergency blanket.
These blankets are made with a heat reflective internal layer that helps trap the body heat you’re generating. Keeping you warmer, longer.
Also, consider how many people you’ll be traveling with and be sure that you can keep everyone warm.
12 – Paracord (FireCord)
With so many paracord uses for survival, it a must-add item to any survival kit. You should spend a few dollars more to get Firecord. It’s designed with 7 strands of paracord and 1 strand of Fire Cord you can use as fire tinder.
These fire starting shoe laces are also a good idea since you might not always be riding in your own vehicle and your shoe laces can go everywhere you go.
12 – Waterproof Matches and Coil Lighter
Keeping a box of waterproof strike-anywhere matches and a coil windproof lighter in your vehicle is simple insurance in the winter.
A fire will allow you to keep warm, melt snow into water, and signal searchers.
14 – Camp Stove
Your matches and lighter won’t be worth much if you don’t have something dry enough to burn.
In dry, cold conditions (like the Rocky Mountains), you may be able to find enough dead, dry wood to maintain a small fire, so a fire starter makes a wise addition.
In wetter climates (like the Cascades of the Pacific Northwest), finding anything dry enough to burn is always a challenge. So adding a small portable camp stove is a better option.
15 – Extra Fuel Bottle
Obviously, extra fuel can be handy if you’re relying on your vehicle for shelter. Running the engine for heat will help keep you warm, but it will also slowly drain your gas tank.
Carrying a couple of extra liters of fuel in a sturdy container will give you a bit of a buffer in case you run out.
And One More Item
16 – Winter Travel Kit Bag / Tote
A large zippered duffle bag is a great way to keep all your winter travel survival supplies organized and contained in your trunk or under the back seat. Once you’ve assembled your supplies, choose a bag that will fit them all.
It doesn’t necessarily need a lot of pockets, but make sure you have a way to separate your spare gas can and your camp fuel from the rest of the gear.
Winter Emergency Vehicle Kit Action Plan
This action plan can be summed up in just two words: Do It.
Invest in the gear and supplies listed in this article. Then put them all in a duffle bag and put this bag full survival items in your trunk.
You have zero excuses not to do this. If you drive in winter conditions at all, it’s your personal responsibility to invest in a few essential tools and supplies.
This responsibility goes double for anyone who drives others around. That means parents of young children and those who take care of handicap or elderly.
The time to take meaningful action is NOW before the first flakes begin to fall.
Linked from: http://www.skilledsurvival.com/winter-emergency-vehicle-kit/